The word “kula” is of Turkish origin, meaning “tower”. Kulas are actually fortified constructions or tall, fortified houses specific to Oltenia or West Muntenia counties. They had been built since the beginning of the 16th century by noblemen in order to protect themselves from the raids of the Turks at the Danube. They are characterized by a solid basement, a flight of stairs, simple rooms with clean floors and wooden beams. They are made of rocks and painted in a dazzling white whitewash. They have a porch, gates that close with huge crossbars and the walls have loopholes used for firing at enemies when they approached.